While the words in and of themselves are arguably synonymous, society has given them a different connotation. The Cannabis plant has various strains that are genetically engineered to have different chemical profiles, and oftentimes these different strains are given different names (i.e. hemp and marijuana).
The difference lies in what the plant is being cultivated for in terms of societal use. Going back to the different strains mentioned above, hemp is typically associated with a fibrous, tall plant that can produce oils and textiles for food, fuel, and industrial products; marijuana is associated with the resinous buds and flowers of the plant that are used for medicinal and recreational purposes.
In sum, marijuana is associated with the plant and buds that create an intoxicating high, where hemp is associated with the plant that is used for industrial purposes.
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